Argument Structure:: Representation and Theory - download pdf or read online

By James B. Freeman

ISBN-10: 9400703562

ISBN-13: 9789400703568

This monograph provides a style of diagramming argument macrostructure, synthesizing the traditional circle and arrow procedure with the Toulmin version. A theoretical justification of this technique via a dialectical realizing of argument, a serious exam of Toulmin on warrants, and a radical dialogue of the linked-convergent contrast follows. dialogue comprises attention of different understandings of argument constitution and its illustration offered in Wigmore’s chart strategy, Pollock’s inference graphs, and the pragma-dialectical method of argumentation. An account of the right kind reconstruction of enthymemes and matters on the border of structural research as opposed to assessment of arguments finish the book.

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In (2008), in line with his distinction between rebutting and undercutting defeaters, defeat arrows may point either to nodes or to inference links. Defeat may go both ways. If P yields Q defeasibly while R yields ~Q, (cf. ) Fig. 35 represents not only the inferences but the mutual defeat relations between Q and ~Q. Fig. 35 P R Q ~Q In (1995), Pollock represents defeat links as holding between nodes exclusively. By contrast, in (2008) he represents only rebutting defeat relations as holding between nodes, while undercutting defeat relations hold between a node and an inference arrow.

The question of their basic premise acceptability does not arise (barring challenges to the testimony). Secondly, if one has taken a piece of testimony into account in reasoning toward a decision, one sees its relevance for supporting some claim in that reasoning process. The issue of relevance thus also does not arise. But, as we shall develop in Chapter 6 (See pp. 170–171), a primary motivation for making the linked-convergent distinction concerns identifying and subsequently removing from further consideration unacceptable or irrelevant reasons.

11 D So, Since W Q C Unless R On account of B This is all straightforward. We appeal to data D to justify claim C. The arrow indicates this evidential support. The warrant W licenses the move from D to C and so is “attached to” the arrow. The backing B authenticates the warrant and so is attached to it. The modal qualifier Q is understood to modify the claim, indicating the force with which it is asserted, and so is written next to the claim. Rebuttals R indicate conditions when the warrant would have to be set aside and so the force of the claim invalidated.

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Argument Structure:: Representation and Theory by James B. Freeman


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