By Ralph M. McInerny
"The easy differences McInerny introduces, hiscriticisms of Cajetan's De nom inum analogia, the functions hemakes to difficulties equivalent to that of the character of metaphysics or oflogic, and his wisdom of up to date debates on relatedtopics, make this booklet unique".
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Extra info for Aquinas and Analogy
Aristotle never uses the Greek term to speak of what Thomas calls analogous names. Aristotle's use of the Greek, consequently, is not to be understood as referring to a kind of analogous name. The passage Cajetan misreads alerts us to Thomas's awareness that sometimes avuAoyiu does not refer to the order among several meanings of the same name but to an order and inequality in things. Indeed, the primary meaning of avuAoyiu in Aristotle involves real relations.
A term is used metaphorically when it is used metaphorically. What then is proper proportionality? When the common term is said nonmetaphorically of its analogates, that is, when it is said of them proportionally. This is what we have learned after looking carefully at PART ONE: PROLEGOMENA twenty per cent of Cajetan's opusculum, and what we have learned is nothing. Proper proportionality, whatever it is, excels in dignity what has preceded it in Cajetan's presentation, because we now learn that it comes about in the genus of formal inherent cause.
Indeed, Owen cites Metaphysics I077a36-bII as a place where Aristotle insists that logical priority does not entail natural priority. IS No wonder Owen shows impatience with those commentators who confuse what Aristotle says about analogy with what he says about words having focal meaning. Since Thomas, writing in Latin, employed the phrase analogice dicuntur as synonymous with :7toUuX~ AEYOIlEVU, he unwittingly provided commentators like Cajetan and much later Muskens with occasion to conflate two considerations as different as the logical and real orders are different.
Aquinas and Analogy by Ralph M. McInerny