By Roberta Corvi
It is a entire creation to the philosophical and political considered Karl Popper, now on hand in English. it's divided into 3 elements; the 1st half offers a biography of Popper; the second one half appears to be like at his works and recurrent issues, and the 3rd half assesses his critics. It was once authorized of through Popper himself as a sympathetic and complete learn, and should be excellent to fulfill the expanding call for for a precis creation to his paintings.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper
For the Austrian philosopher, too, our hypotheses and our concepts have validity only within the limits of our sense experience, but this experience, unlike in the Kantian critique, does not necessarily have to be submitted to our a priori forms; it may even rudely and more or less definitively discredit them. Popper is well aware that even in this variant of empiricism, it is impossible to ignore the problem of the ‘empirical base’ which concerns the relationship between perceptual experiences and the basic statements (that is, the propositions asserting a specific fact).
As regards the logical aspect, Hume correctly pointed out innumerable apparent regularities which everyone trusts in practice, and upon which scientists themselves base their theories. Such practice, however, conflicts with what Popper calls the principle of the invalidity of induction: namely, that ‘there can be no valid reasoning from singular observation statements to universal laws of nature, and thus to scientific theories’ (P1:32). If we refer to repetitive induction or induction by enumeration, which is based upon the repetition of observations, then its invalidity is obvious enough: ‘no amount of observation of white swans establishes that all swans are white (or that the probability of finding a non-white swan is small)’ (MF: 104).
The key factor is rather: the severity of the various tests to which the hypothesis in question can be, and has been, subjected. But the severity of the tests, in its turn, depends upon the degree of testability, and thus upon the simplicity of the hypothesis: the hypothesis which is falsifiable in a higher degree, or the simpler hypothesis, is also the one which is corroborable in a higher degree. (LSD: 267) 40 THE EPISTEMOLOGICAL WORKS Testability, then, is the opposite of logical probability; the most easily testable and falsifiable theory is the one that is least probable in a logical sense.
An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper by Roberta Corvi