By Ammonius, David A. Blank
Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his common sense, examines the connection among conflicting pairs of statements. the 1st 8 chapters, analysed during this quantity, clarify what statements are, ranging from their simple parts - the phrases - and dealing as much as the nature of antagonistic affirmations and negations.
Ammonius, who in his capability as Professor at Alexandria from round advert 470 taught just about all the good sixth-century commentators, left simply this one statement in his personal identify, even supposing his lectures on different works of Aristotle were written up by way of his students, who incorporated Philoponus and Asclepius. His principles on Aristotle's On Interpretation were derived from his personal instructor, Proclus, and partially from the nice misplaced remark of Porphyry. the 2 most crucial extant commentaries on On Interpretation, of which this is often one (the different being by way of Boethius) either draw on Porphyry's paintings, which might be to some degree reconstructed for them
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Extra info for Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8
Symbol> Likeness differs from symbol in that it wants to image (apeikonizesthai) the very nature of a thing as far as possible and it is not in our power to change it (for if the painted likeness of Socrates in a picture does not have his baldness, snub nose and bulging eyes, it would not be called his likeness), while a symbol or sign (the Philosopher calls it both) is entirely up to us (eph’ hêmin), given that it arises from our invention (epinoia) alone. For example, both the hearing of the trumpet and the hurling of a torch can be symbols of when the opposing troops must join101 battle, as Euripides says: 20,1 5 10 but when the torch was released, like an Etruscan trumpet’s sound, it was the sign (sêma) for bloody battle,102 but one can posit it also
So truth and falsity are wholly concerned with combination and division, but138 not every combination or division accepts one or the other of these. In fact, one who wishes or uses any other sentence besides the assertoric combines names and verbs while saying nothing either true or false. But the combination or division must be of the ‘belonging’ (huparktikê) type, that is, it must reveal that one item belongs or does not belong to another, a character seen only with regard to the assertoric sentence.
And at the same time, by this means he made it clear that it was because of the benefit they bring to vocal sounds that he thought letters worth mentioning,121 since they are more obviously by imposition and show us how vocal sounds too might, in respect of their similarity to letters, be called ‘symbols’ of thoughts, as letters are of vocal sounds. e. e. are significant, as being symbols – these are thoughts, which are affections of the soul and the same among all peoples, and hence by nature.
Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 by Ammonius, David A. Blank