Against the Odds: Disadvantaged Students Who Succeed in by OECD PDF

By OECD

ISBN-10: 9264089950

ISBN-13: 9789264089952

ISBN-10: 9264090878

ISBN-13: 9789264090873

Many socio-economically deprived scholars excel in PISA. scholars who achieve institution regardless of a deprived historical past, often called resilient scholars, are the point of interest of opposed to the percentages. The ebook presents scholars, mom and dad, coverage makers and different stakeholders in schooling with insights into what permits socioeconomically deprived scholars to fulfil their capability. The extra hours deprived scholars spend studying technological know-how in school, the higher outfitted they're to shut the functionality hole with their extra advantaged friends. Resilient scholars also are stumbled on to have optimistic techniques to studying, together with an lively curiosity in technological know-how and larger self-confidence. notwithstanding, the proof in PISA indicates that optimistic techniques to studying are inclined to enhance the functionality of advantaged scholars greater than that of deprived teenagers. From an fairness standpoint, the PISA effects recommend that rules geared toward fostering confident ways to studying should still aim deprived scholars greater than others. bankruptcy 1. PISA as a learn of pupil resilience; bankruptcy 2. Defining and characterising scholar resilience in PISA; bankruptcy three. A profile of scholar resilience; bankruptcy four. final the distance? improving the functionality of socio-economically deprived scholars; bankruptcy five. Conclusions and coverage implications THE OECD PROGRAMME FOR overseas scholar review (PISA) PISA makes a speciality of younger people's skill to exploit their wisdom and abilities to fulfill real-life demanding situations. This orientation refl ects a transformation within the pursuits and targets of curricula themselves, that are more and more excited about what scholars can do with what they study in class and never purely with whether or not they have mastered particular curricular content material. PISA's specified positive aspects contain its: coverage orientation, which highlights alterations in functionality styles and identifi es beneficial properties universal to high-performing scholars, colleges and schooling structures by way of linking facts on studying results with information on scholar features and different key components that form studying in and outdoors of faculty. cutting edge thought of "literacy", which refers either to scholars' skill to use wisdom and talents in key topic parts and to their skill to examine, cause and converse successfully as they pose, interpret and clear up difficulties in various occasions. Relevance to lifelong studying, which matches past assessing scholars' advantage at school topics by way of asking them to file on their motivation to profit, their ideals approximately themselves and their studying techniques. Regularity, which allows nations to watch their growth in assembly key studying targets. Breadth of geographical assurance and collaborative nature, which, within the PISA 2009 overview, encompasses the 34 OECD member nations and forty-one accomplice nations and economies.

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Differences are particularly large (above 20 percentage points) in Australia, Iceland, Ireland, Japan, Norway, Portugal and Switzerland among OECD countries and in Azerbaijan and Hong Kong-China among partner countries and economies. Similarly, in all countries and economies except the United States and Latvia a larger share of resilient students than disadvantaged low achievers is interested in learning about what is required for scientific explanations. 1a). 1 shows, the higher levels of interest shown by resilient students in most topics result in higher average indice of general interest in science among resilient students than disadvantaged low achievers in all OECD countries.

38 © OECD 2011 Against the Odds: Disadvantaged Students Who Succeed in School A profile of student resilience 3 ... policies and institutional characteristics and student performance. The effect of schooling is the influence on performance of not being schooled versus being schooled, which can have significant impact not only on knowledge but also on fundamental cognition. School effects are education researchers’ shorthand way of referring to the effect on academic performance of attending one school or another, usually schools that differ in resources or policies or institutional characteristics.

For the PISA indices, a unit difference is taken from the mean and represents a standard deviation increase in the index. Odds ratios over one indicate that higher values of a particular factor are associated with a greater likelihood that a disadvantaged student will be resilient, while odds ratios below one are suggestive of a negative relationship between the factor and resilience. 0, this implies that students at private schools are two times more likely to be resilient than students at public schools.

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Against the Odds: Disadvantaged Students Who Succeed in School by OECD


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