By Kären Wigen
K?ren Wigen probes nearby cartography, choerography, and statecraft to redefine recovery (ishin) in glossy eastern historical past. As built the following, that time period designates now not the short coup d'?tat of 1868 yet a three-centuries-long undertaking of rehabilitating an historic map for contemporary reasons. Drawing on a variety of geographical records from Shinano (present-day Nagano Prefecture), Wigen argues that either the founding father of the Tokugawa Shogunate (1600-1868) and the reformers of the Meiji period (1868-1912) recruited the classical map to serve the reason for administrative reform. Nor have been they by myself; provincial males of letters performed an both severe function in bringing imperial geography again to existence within the nation-state. to verify those claims, Wigen strains the ongoing occupation of the classical court's most crucial unit of governance--the province--in relevant Honshu.
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Extra resources for A Malleable Map: Geographies of Restoration in Central Japan, 1600-1912 (Asia: Local Studies Global Themes)
These were the districts put in place to oversee confiscated shogunal lands, which were newly styled in SinoJapanese as ken (prefectures). The early ken did not at first encompass all of the national territory; for three years they shared the field with hundreds of surviving domains (now designated by another Sino-Japanese term, han). But on July 14, 1871, when the daimyo were ordered to surrender their population and tax registers to the emperor, all han were converted overnight to ken, expanding the prefectural system to the entire archipelago.
1 cm. Tenri Central Library of Tenri University, Nara. days and ten days, respectively. Since in this context “up” and “down” refer to symbolic relationships rather than elevation, the diªerence can be attributed to the tribute burdens with which those traveling toward the capital were encumbered. On the 1548 Dai Nihon koku no zu (Plate 1), the balloonlike outlines around each kuni serve an additional design function: in addition to suggesting each province’s general shape and size, they accommodate associated text.
Most maps in the public domain were national in scope and small in scale, depicting the province— if they portrayed Shinano at all—as a minor piece of an archipelagic polity. Known generically as Nihon sOzu, or “maps of all Japan,” these images routinely noted the names and positions of the imperial kuni. The best made room for castle towns, pilgrimage sites, famous peaks, and turnpikes as well, with the number of regional landmarks increasing over time. Yet while conveying crucial information about Shinano’s location, national maps could oªer at most a sketchy outline of Shinano’s internal geography.
A Malleable Map: Geographies of Restoration in Central Japan, 1600-1912 (Asia: Local Studies Global Themes) by Kären Wigen