By Mian Mohammad Sharif
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Extra info for A history of Muslim philosophy: With short accounts of other disciplines and the modern renaissance in Muslim lands- Vol I
170. 31 The founder of Jainism, Mahavira, was bom in a Ksatriya family. His father was a wealthy person belonging to a religious §ect which was opposed to the Vedas. This school of thought had materialistic tendencies and sceptical attitude very much akin to that of Carvaka. But it was not a thoroughgoing materialism. It shared with the masses the horror of rebirth and advocated slow suicide through starvation as a remedy against transmigration. Mahavira's father got his wife converted to his viewpoint and in due course shared with her the martyrdom they desired.
Iv: 36. 34 Albert Schweitzer, op. , p. 191. , p. 195. 86 S. Radhakrishnan and Charles A. Moore, A Source Book in Indian Philosophy, Oxford University Press, London, 1957, p. 228. 37 Ibid. 32 33 The four elements alone are the ultimate principles and these are earth, water, tire, and air. Only the perceived exists; the unpereeivable does not exist,simply for the reason of its never having been perceived. The only source of knowledge and the c r i t e r i o n of validity is perception. Every other source including that of inference is rejected.
It would be as impossible to establish your own position as to demolish the position of your adversary, once mind is dismissed as rndya. To this school, mind is the only reality; the external objects exist simply as ideas. No object can be known without consciousness of it; hence the objects cannot be proved to have an existence independent of consciousness. 3. —This school believes in the existence of mind and also of the external world. The Sautrantikas maintain that illusions cannot be explained in the absence of external objects.
A history of Muslim philosophy: With short accounts of other disciplines and the modern renaissance in Muslim lands- Vol I by Mian Mohammad Sharif