Download PDF by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin: A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old

By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

ISBN-10: 190524682X

ISBN-13: 9781905246823

Including half 1 of an identical grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main distinctive and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with jap of the outdated eastern language of the Yamato sector throughout the Asuka Nara interval. It offers thousands of examples drawn not just from the most important previous eastern texts akin to the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but in addition from all minor extant texts corresponding to the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. additionally it is comparative fabric from jap outdated jap as soon as spoken within the region approximately equivalent to present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and infrequently from different surrounding languages. half 2 is observed via exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical kinds defined, linguistic types, own names, in addition to an index of all previous jap texts which are used as examples within the description.

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Extra resources for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions

Example text

Kusi myi-tama ima-no wotutu-ni taputwo-kyi ro kamu mysterious HON-stone now-GEN reality-LOC awesome-A TTR DV(ATTR)PT [these] mysterious stones are awesome in the present [day's] reality! (MYS V: 813) f~~~Z ~:t:~* ~tfJi~ ututu-ni si taNta n-i ar-an-e-Npa reality-LOC PT direct DV-INF exist-NEG-EV-CON because [it] was not directly in the reality (MYS XVII: 3978) 4 Cited according to Kuroita & Matsuyama 1965-66, vol. 1a. : children) of the ancestors who have passed continuously [their glorious names] from old times to the present [day's] reality (MYS XVIII: 4094) The form wotutu probably represents a relic of the pre-raised form preserving primary PJ *0.

T B "2it R t ongana: Ie. ~. Il:)( disyllabic: it[kamu] E¥ [kapyi] W [kaNku] Jt [kaku] kyi kiy ku kye key kwo k6 Nka ADDITIONS TO PART 1 Nko sa on ana: ongana: 415 im; ty ~~*,Jlitffi~$:R 1Jf kungana: ~ 3i ~ disyllabic: -:~samu] ~ [sapa, slyi] [sapyi] ~ [sapu] ii [sanu i5( [sam] ill [sati, satu] § ~aNka, saNku R [saka] f [saka, saku saka $. 3 {§" kungana: ~ ~ disyllabic: {§" [sinal [sikyi, siko] e ongana:;< su P *~iIiWi¥*. kungana: fF • ~ disyllabic: ~ [suru] [suka, suku] se swo so Nsa ongana: 13 ~ kungana: t<.

Akyirakey- 'bright' « *akyira-ka), siNtukey- 'quiet' « *siNtu-ka), tapyirakey- 'safe' « *tapyira-ka), etc. 2 INFLECTED ADJECTIVES In this section I will discuss the morphology that is unique to inflected adjectives. Therefore, the morphological markers that are 444 GRAMMAR OF WESTERN OLD JAPANESE shared by both inflected adjectives and verbs, such as prefixes, will be treated in Chapter 6. There are two classes of inflected adjectives in Western Old Japanese: class 1 (traditional fi5" ffl ku-katsuyo type), which shows no irregularities and has suffixes attached to the adjectival stem that is identical to the adjectival root; and class 2 (traditional L fi5" ffl shiku-katsuyo type), which shows one slight irregularity (haplological contraction of the final -si-si form into -si-fJ) and has suffixes attached to the adjectival stem in -si- that represents an extension after an adjectival root.

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A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

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